Gender inequity, poverty among women, weak economic capacity, sexual and gender-based violence including female genital mutilation (fgm) are major impediments to the amelioration of women's health in the african region. Female genital mutilation in different countries of africa usually takes place from ages 1 to 9 in horn africa and from ages 8 to 14 in great sahara and west africa (karmaker et al, 2011, p1) and is normally accompanied with celebration. Africa department regional department sahel and west africa female genital mutilation in ethiopia country information the approximately 77 million inhabitants of the fed. Female genital mutilation/cutting: data and trends an estimated 100 million to 140 million girls and women worldwide have undergone female genital mutila- tion/cutting (fgm/c) and more than 3 million girls are at risk for cutting each year on the african continent alone.
Female genital mutilation—what it is and why it continues 4 female genital mutilation is a violation of human rights 8 female genital mutilation has harmful consequences 11. 2 1 introduction females' genital mutilations (fgm/c), a longstanding practice in many african countries, have lately been drawing the attention of both some national health officials and the international. Female genital cutting: current practices and beliefs in western africa heather l sipsma a, peggy g chen a, angela ofori-atta b, ukwuoma o ilozumba c, kapouné karfo d & elizabeth h bradley a a department of health policy and administration, school of public health, yale university, 2 church street south, new haven, ct 06519, united states of america (usa.
The policy on female genital mutilation (fgm), adopted by the human rights commission of ontario, canada, in 1996 (and further revised it in 2000) acknowledges the practice as an internationally recognized violation against women and girls’ human rights and looks at the domestic implications of. Background female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) is a common harmful traditional practice in many communities in africa and to a lesser extent in middle east and other regions in the world. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female genitalia the practice is found in africa, asia and the middle east, and within communities from countries in which fgm is common.
Other domestic regions around the world, including the region of mauritania, the ministry of women's affairs continues to educate women on the negative (sometimes life threatening) physical, mental, and social issues directly related to female genital mutilation (sipsma, 2012. Female genital mutilation is widely practiced in egypt as well as in big sections of the african continent the tradition of mutilation of the female genital areas female genital cutting in global context 1st ed new jersey rutgers university press 2007 2. Female genital mutilation (fgm) is a term used to describe various traditional practices that involve the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for cultural and traditional reasons in many african societies.
Introduction female genital mutilation (fgm) has widely been described as female genital cutting (fgc) and refers to practices involving the partial or complete ablation of the external female sexual organs on non-medical grounds. Between female genital mutilation/cutting and fistula • an analysis of data from recent demographic and health surveys (dhs) from 10 sub-saharan african countries2 urban women, and by region, religious group, socioeconomic level, and educational attainment. Fgm is practiced in 27 african countries but also in the middle east, some asian countries and, as a result of migration, in many host countries around the globe 6 in most of the countries, the majority of girls were cut before age 5. Home female genital mutilation (fgm) frequently asked questions female genital mutilation (fgm) frequently asked questions female genital mutilation (fgm) frequently asked questions including female genital cutting 1997 the african charter on human and peoples' rights highlights human rights article 4 focuses on integrity of the person. In addition, fewer than 10% of the women refused to continue the tradition of female genital mutilation conclusions during its first year, the recently established african well woman clinic has provided specialist care for 116 women with genital mutilation.
Of female genital mutilation act, making it illegal to perform fgm/c on girls younger than 18 years of age in the united states 21 in 2013, congress passed another. Female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) refers to a variety of operations involving partial or total removal of female external genitalia the female external genital organ consists of the vulva. Female genital mutilation (fgm), also known as female circumcision, as defined by the world health organization (2010), comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.
The number of girls and women who undergo female genital mutilation/cutting (fgm/c) has declined in ethiopia's southern regional state, and could be reduced further if stronger penalties were enforced, an ngo leader said. Female gential mutilation female genital mutilation also known as “female circumcision” is an invasive surgical procedure, prefermormed in african cultures on females age 7 days to 15 years old. We provide analysis, education, and resources to those working for peace around the world tanzania region: africa share this print the page featured publications jaha mapenzi dukureh underwent female genital mutilation in her native gambia but the 26-year-old mother of three, now living in the united states, knows the procedure is.
Include menstrual hygiene in campaigns against female genital mutilation and early marriage, and emphasise the risks to women, particularly in terms of their health and sex lives conduct awareness-raising campaigns with girls in schools, in communities and local authorities, and with men. Global efforts to end female genital mutilation (fgm) have intensified in recent decades because of the rising awareness that such a practice is an act of extreme violence against women and girls articles on fgm have been published highlighting the combined efforts of international and non. Female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome: who collaborative prospective study in six african countries who study group on female genital mutilation and obstetric outcome data analysis, data interpretation, or the writing of this report the writing group had full access to all the data in the study and had final responsibility for.